Common foot problems

Arthritis: A condition that slowly wears away joints. One of the first signs of arthritis is when the affected joint seems stiff or achy. As the joint lining or cartilage breaks down, the bones rub against each other, causing pain and swelling.

Athlete’s Foot: A skin infection caused by a fungus. When the feet stay moist, warm and irritated, this fungus can thrive and infect the upper layer of the skin.

Bunion: A common foot ailment that occurs near the joint at the base of the big toe, or on other toes. It is a bony protrusion caused by misaligned bone in the joint.

Corns and calluses: The body’s response to friction or pressure against the skin. Corns usually grow on top of the foot, often at a toe joint. Calluses spread on the bottom of the foot or on the outer edge of a toe or the heel. When the foot rubs the inside of a shoe, the area of skin that is affected thickens.

Flat feet: The arch of your foot is its main supportive structure. If this arch loses strength, the bone framework begins to collapse, causing your foot to flatten. Like a sagging bridge, the weakness in the middle strains the joints at both ends of your foot.

Ganglion: A fluid-filled swelling of the lining of a joint or tendon. Although ganglions can form on any part of the foot, they most often appear on the ankle or on top of the foot. Ganglions tend to change in size and usually grow slowly. They can vary from the size of a small pea to the size of a golfball.

Gout: A disease that affects the joints. It is caused by an excess or uric acid, a waste product made by the body. It can cause a hot, painful feeling in your big toe or ankle. Your joints may also appear to be swollen and inflamed.

Hammer Toe: The buckling of any of the toe joints is known as a “hammer toe.” Joints that are affected are normally at the end or middle of the toe, as well as the joint near the ball of the foot. These joints actually curl due to a muscle imbalance, or because of tight tendons.

Ingrown toenail: Occurs when a toenail edge embeds itself into the surrounding skin.

Nail fungus: A stubborn infection in the bed of the toenail.

Neuroma: A painful growth of nerve tissue in the foot. It forms when bones in the feet press together and irritate a nerve. It may be caused by wearing tight or poorly fitting shoes, or by repeated stress on the foot.

Peripheral Neuropathy: A disease that can damage nerves in the feet and prevent them from working properly. This is most common in people with diabetes. Neuropathy can also be caused by poor nutrition, injury and other diseases.

Heel pain: One of the most common foot ailments. It is often related to a condition called Plantar Fasciitis. The plantar fascia is a ligament-like band running from the heel to the ball of the foot.

Pressure ulcers: Sores that occur when pressure cuts off the blood supply to the skin. Stress caused by the body’s weight and the impact of striking the ground place the ball of the foot, the big toe and the heel at risk.

Wart: An infection caused by a virus, which can invade your skin through small cuts or breaks. Over time, the wart develops into a hard, rough growth on the surface of the skin. A wart is most commonly seen on the bottom of the foot (referred to as a plantar wart), but can also appear on the top.

In addition to treatment, we offer:

Custom-made orthotics: Most foot pain is the result of a faulty relationship between the bones and muscles of the foot. Even the slightest misalignment can result in significant discomfort that can lead to problems, such as bunions, hammer toes, arch and heel pain, corns, knee pain and back pain.

Diabetic foot care and wound care: Many symptoms of diabetes occur first in the feet, and podiatrists are often the first to discover diabetes in patients. Common diabetic foot problems include infection, ulcers, poor circulation, neuropathy, nail fungus and foot deformities that may place the patient at a greater risk of infection.

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